DUIs On Electric Scooters (Lime & Bird Scooters)


The news recently reported Los Angeles County’s first DUI conviction for someone driving an electric scooter, like those popularized by Bird and Lime. This article addresses whether persons arrested for DUI on an electric scooter can be charged with DUI in violation of Vehicle Code section 23152. 

To begin with, an electric scooter counts as a vehicle under the law. Persons arrested for DUI on an electric scooter cannot escape all criminal liability by arguing that an electric scooter is not a vehicle. DUI is a crime on any vehicle, and a “vehicle” is defined in Vehicle Code section 415 as a motor vehicle – a vehicle that is self-propelled. Additionally, Vehicle Code section 670 defines a vehicle as a “device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.” An electric scooter is typically self-propelled, and qualifies as a vehicle. 

The more interesting thing to note is that there is a special statute for operating a motorized scooter while being under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. Veh. Code § 21221.5. The fact that there is a specific statute that addresses operating a motorized scooter while being
under the influence poses the issue as to whether the specific statute (Veh. Code, § 21221.5) controls, versus the more general provisions of Vehicle Code section 23152. The observation that section Vehicle Code section 21221.5 makes it an offense for “operating” a motorized scooter while being under the influence, as compared to Vehicle Code section 23152 which makes it an offense to “drive” a motor vehicle while being under the influence, further complicates things.

Because the California legislature enacted a special statute making driving an electric scooter under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and the law provides that special statutes should generally control, it appears that persons arrested for DUI should not be charged with DUI in violation of Vehicle Code section 23152, which is a misdemeanor. Instead, the legislature demands that such persons be charged with violating the special statute, Vehicle Code section 21221.5, which is an infraction – like a speeding ticket. 

Additionally, person’s arrested for DUI on an electric scooter do not fit within the DMV’s power to suspend their license under the typical DUI statutes. The DMV can only suspend a person’s license for DUI if they are arrested for violating Vehicle Code sections 23152, 23153, 23154, 23136, or 23140. If a person is arrested for operating an electric scooter under the influence of alcohol or drugs in violation of Vehicle Code section 21221.5 (the scooter statute), then the DMV does not have the power to suspend their license. 

If you have been arrested for DUI on an electric scooter, your attorney should be familiar with these laws. It is possible that you could be charged with DUI, and your DUI attorney will need to be able to make these arguments in court to save your record. Please feel free to contact us with questions. 

About the Author

Mike Donaldson

Mike Donaldson has been an attorney for over a decade. He focuses his practice on DUI defense, DMV license defense, and criminal defense cases. Mike has obtained numerous successful jury verdicts in DUI and criminal defense cases throughout the Inland Empire, as well as many successful results from pretrial motion practice. Mike has worked on cases before the United States Supreme Court. Mike also lectures lawyers across California on DUi defense.

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